“Waiting for Superman,” a documentary film released nationwide in October 2010, focuses on educational challenges in five urban schools. These resources from the National School Boards Association will help board members and administrators discuss the film with their community.
School districts should consider several issues before making the decision to offer a shortened school year either this year or next.
In this changing economic culture, public schools are having to look for funding outside the government sector. Local education foundations are becoming an increasingly significant source of support for public schools.
Overview of the standards adopted by Oregon.
ADA Reasonable Accommodations for School Employees: the Why, How, When and What If…
This is a story about a school that formed a Healthy Kids Learn Better Team made up of school administrators, staff and community partners. The team identified healthful eating and physical activity as key student health issues affecting student attendance and academic achievement.
An overview of the election process for school districts, ESDs and community colleges.
Information about Oregon's statewide assessment systems.
The usual strategy of “negotiated tradeoffs” isn’t the best way to plan health care benefits these days, especially when everyone should agree to share the burden of rising costs.
A description of the board chair's authority.
The board secretary provides the board with accurate records of meeting minutes, handles board correspondence, and posts all meetings.
A school board’s vote to remove one of its members as board vice president because of his public criticism of the superintendent was not prohibited by the first amendment.
Organizational tool showing dates and recommendations for tasks to accomplish.
Upcoming school district, ESD and community college bond and local option elections plus recent unofficial election results.
Resources for bond and local option elections, including campaign information. School district, ESD and community college bond and local option elections and results.
An overview of election ballot title wording requirements.
A quick overview of the budget committee process and frequently asked questions.
A compilation of resources to help you manage budget reductions and layoffs.
An explanation of the California Certificated Staff Performance Incentive Act.
Oregon statute requires collective bargaining negotiations to take place in open session unless the parties mutually agree to bargain in closed executive session.
Resources to help you make the most of the U.S. Census information.
To help provide information about charter schools and what the steps are to establish a charter school.
Questions and answers about public charter schools
CDC advisory on how to handle anthrax and other biological agent threats.
Overview of the Chief Education Office for the state of ORegon.
The selection of the board chair is made no later than the next regular meeting following July 1 each year.
These thirteen states have class-size-reduction initiatives. Thanks to the Oregon Legislative Policy and Research Office, we are able to show some costs and impacts nationwide.
This information is from Boardsmanship For Oregon School Board Members, which explains what it takes to be an Oregon school board member.
Paul C. Gorski explores our preconceptions about equity issues and the dissonance that occurs when new truths battle established beliefs.
Information, guidelines and answers to frequently asked questions about the role of board members during the collective bargaining process.
As fiscal reality worsens with each economic forecast, boards and unions face the challenge of “living within our means.”
The primary role of the chair, other than to run meetings, is to be the voice of the board.
Links to articles designed to help school boards establish two-way communication between the organization and the community it serves.
Results of an OSBA-sponsored study reviewing public K-12 spending in Oregon since 1990.
Well-prepared school boards don’t head into collective-bargaining negotiations without first reviewing their educational programs and considering trends affecting their district. By taking the time to consider specific educational programming issues before beginning negotiations, you can build critical flexibility into your contracts. Don’t get caught between “a rock and a hard place.”
Your Early Retirement Incentive (ERI) may not be the best cost-saving strategy in today’s climate of rising health care costs. In fact, OSBA recommends that districts conduct a cost-benefit analysis of ERI programs. A growing number of districts have bargained a sunset on these programs, reduced benefits, or immediately discontinued the program. One alternative is to substitute ERI packages with a district-funded Tax Sheltered Annuity (TSA).
Complaint-procedure language is often neglected in public education collective bargaining. Too often, board members and school administrators don’t realize they’ve paid it too little attention until it is too late.
A federal court in California found that ordering a teacher to take down his religious banners violated his First Amendment right.
At the beginning of each school year front office staff and administrators must deal with tough situations involving custody disputes.
Quick tips for communicating during a crisis.
The federal court with jurisdiction over Oregon recently found that a district’s failure to conduct an educational assessment when there were clear signs of a student’s learning disabilities was the same as refusing to identify the student under the IDEA.
If you’ve heard that Oregon "spends" an average of $12,000 per student annually, learn where this figure came from and how to correct it.
Recommendations and Best Practice
Due Process vs Just Cause Comparison
Links to information about early retirement programs
Secretary of State report concludes that early retirement programs are one of the major reasons behind school district cost increases.
Links to valuable funding resources
Recommended resources from NSBA on boosting student achievement.
Resources to help boards close the achievement gap.
Guidelines providing some general legal principles found in case and statutory law.
Information for community members forming political action committees to support a school district bond measure.
Medical marijuana users are not protected by Oregon's disability law.
Unions are targeting “ending fund balances” as a source to fund their salary and benefit proposals. This has become a popular issue at the legislature, in budget meetings and at bargaining tables. So, what is ending fund balance and why do we need it?
Learn from Gresham-Barlow School District how to engage your community in setting budgeting priorities.
November 18, 2002 press release announcing results of OSBA-sponsored study on K-12 funding.
Well-researched, practical strategies to improve student achievement through good governance from The Essential School Board Book by Nancy Walser.
Collective bargaining has a profound impact on education programs provided through school districts, ESDs and community colleges.
What the board needs to know to effectively evaluate the superintendent.
Congress passed and the President signed December 10, 2015, the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA, now commonly referred to as Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)). ESSA is effective for the 2017 thru 2020 school years. Oregon’s current waiver from NCLBA, remains in effect until August 1, 2016.
- Requires states to adopt challenging state standards in reading, math and science. Oregon's State Board of Education has adopted state standards in reading, English language arts, math and science.
- Levels of achievement aligned with entrance requirements for higher education and career technical education (CTE) institutions.
In addition, Oregon has board-adopted content standards in the following areas: health, physical education, world language, social sciences, and the arts
- Student still will be tested in math and reading in grades 3 thru 8 and once in high school, and in science annually in grades 3-5, 6-8 and 10-12.
- Allows states to use a single annual summative assessment. Oregon's current adopted assessment is Smarter Balanced.
- Allows districts to use other nationally recognized tests in high school, as approved by the state.
- The ESSA maintains the 95% testing participation requirement. Oregon created its own "opt out" policy and will decide how to include this into the state's accountability system.
- Replaces adequate yearly progress (AYP) with a state defined system.
- Data must still be broken out in sub groups of English language learners, students in special education, racial minorities and those in poverty.
- State accountability must still include testing but must include other factors, such as but not limited to, school climate, teacher engagement, access and success in advanced course work.
- The current structure of the Oregon report card remains the same.
- Every three years the state must identify and intervene in the bottom 5 percent of lowest performing schools, and high schools where the graduation rates are less than 67 percent.
- Districts must develop a Comprehensive Support and Improvement plan for schools identified; the plan must be approved and monitored by the State.
- School improvement grants (SIG) were eliminated. The State must now reserve 7 percent of Title I-A for improvement of identified schools.
Teacher and Leader Effectiveness
- Ends federally mandated highly qualified teacher requirements.
- Does not require teacher or principal evaluation systems.
- Senate Bill 290 (2015) and Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) remain in effect. Those OARs are 581-022-1723, 581-022-1723 and 581-022-1724.
Initial Implementation Guide for the Every Student Succeeds Act (2015), a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), published by National School Boards Association (2016) - (566k )
Link to the federal Senate Bill 1177 for Every Student Succeeds Act (a.k.a. the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA).
Every Student Succeeds Bill - To reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to ensure that every child achieves. (A 391 page document.)
Education Week article by Alyson Klein - ESEA Reauthorization: ESSA Explained (November 23, 2015)
Oregon Department of Education (ODE), ESSA contact person: Theresa Richards, Director of Federal Programs, (503) 947-5922.
Every Student Succeeds Act passed by Congress and enacted December 2015. ()
A board may be called to meet in executive session or decide to go into executive session at any time during a regular, special or emergency meeting to discuss certain matters. By Oregon law, the chair may call a board into executive session without a vote of the board; however, in some districts, local policy may require such a vote.
Whenever an executive session is called, the presiding officer must identify the section and subsection of ORS 192.660 (listed reasons) or 332.061 (expulsion or medical records of a minor student) that authorize the executive session's purpose.
Boards may not meet in executive session to conduct the following business:
- Fill a vacancy in an elective office
- Fill a vacancy on any public committee, commission or other advisory group
- Consider general employment policies
- Discuss an employee's performance, unless that employee has been notified and has been given the option of having the discussion held in public
- Hire the superintendent or any other employee if the vacancy has not been advertised, hiring procedures have not been adopted by the board, and there has been no opportunity for public input about the hiring
Purposes for which executive session may be called:
- To consider the employment of a public officer, employee, staff member or individual agent. (ORS 192.660(2)(a))
- To consider the dismissal or disciplining of, or to hear complaints or charges brought against, a public officer, employee, staff member or agent, unless he or she requests an open meeting. (ORS 192.660(2)(b))
- To conduct deliberations with persons designated to carry on labor negotiations. (ORS 192.660(2)(d))
- To conduct deliberations to negotiate real property transactions. (ORS 192.660(2)(e))
- To consider records exempt by law from public inspection. (ORS 192.660(2)(f))
- To consult with counsel concerning current or possible litigation. (ORS 192.660(2)(h))
- To review and evaluate the performance of the superintendent or any other public officer, employee or staff member, unless that person requests an open hearing. (ORS 192.660(2)(i))
- To consider matters relating to school safety or a plan that responds to safety threats made toward a school. (ORS 192.660(k))
- Conduct a hearing on the expulsion of a student or to review a student's confidential medical records. (ORS 332.061(1))
If you have questions about the state’s public meetings laws and other state statutes dealing with the meetings of public officials, call OSBA. Further information on executive session is available in OSBA's Public Meetings Law, Board Meetings and Executive Sessions.
Tips for helping children handle crisis situations.
Class Size: Is less really more? Research is the basis for determining how class-size reduction can be used to improve learning.
Webinar training provided on facility improvements and sustainability concepts.
Bulleted list of facts about K-12 education funding in Oregon
The laws surrounding the confidential of student education records.
Recently a federal court in Lessard v. Wilton-Lyndeborough Cooperative School District rejected parents’ arguments finding a school district offered a student FAPE in the least restrictive environment and that a proposed IEP was appropriate.
Military Leave Guidelines
Oregon’s Public Meetings Laws govern what materials must be made available to the public and which may be withheld.
Frequently Asked Questions About Labor Negotiations
On February 22, 2017, the United States Supreme Court decided Fry v. Napoleon Community Schools, No. 15-497.
Career and technical education (CTE) opportunities are increasingly recognized as a necessary part of education at all levels. What should your institution do to comply?
Find resources to access OSBA services through an associate membership like policy, legal, human resources and legislative to help boards understand charter laws and make informed decisions.
Terms you need to know as you work with school budgets.
Resource guide to educational terminology
Negotiation ground rules are not usually recommended or necessary during traditional bargaining. State law describes the three required ground rules in any negotiations process: meet at reasonable times, meet at reasonable places and confer in good faith.
Letters sent to the board of education through the board chair should be shared with other board members.
Healthy Kids Learn Better is a way of forming school-community partnerships that address kids' physical, social and emotional needs, improving their potential to learn.
Documents and links to information about the Healthy Kids Learn Better partnership
Links to useful information from Oregon and around the nation.
An outline of Oregon's school funding history.
A description of the types of legislative measures and the process for creating new laws.
The time committment for school board service.
Links to information explaining Oreogn school funding.
Nine principles of a successful school board member.
What do striking grocery workers, the longest school district strike in Washington state history, Chicago teachers taking a strike vote and an eagerly awaited report from Portland Public Schools all have in common? The rising cost of health insurance.
Ways to involve the community during bond and local option elections.
Common denominators in dysfunctional school boards.
Links to information about just cause contract language.
The foundation of successful advocacy is knowledge of the legislative process.
Answers to the most frequently asked questions about bargaining.
Teacher and administrator layoff procedures are addressed in ORS 342.934 and in collective bargaining agreements.
Compliance training for employees of Oregon schools.
In the last two decades of education reform, teachers have been viewed as central to both the problems of education and their solutions. Education researchers and school leaders have faced the challenge of motivating teachers to high levels of performance.
Resources for New Board Members
The national effort is designed to highlight the importance of public education and operates on a simple premise: “Who I am today began with public education.”
Information about Oregon's statewide assessment system.
Frequently asked ethics questions: Get the run down on what you need to know about Oregon’s ethics laws.
Information about aligning teacher and administrator evaluations with student performance standards.
An increasing number of Oregon school districts are adopting performance-pay options in their collective bargaining agreements.
Overview of Oregon's No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) waiver.
Information about the Oregon report card, an annual publication reporting on how local schools are performing.
A downloadable publication containing a comparison of teacher salaries and benefits for the current year.
“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance…”
Information about why and how districts should develop and implement pandemic and outbreak preparedness plans.
Resources to develop or review pandemic flu and other virus outbreak plans, be vigilant and responsive, and work with your local health department officials.
Policy questions every institution should ask to prepare for pandemic threats.
A checklist highlighting the major points that every district should consider when shaping its pandemic preparedness plan.
Teacher Performance Pay, as part of a total compensation program, is a concept that bears further examination.
Links to information about performance pay.
A summary of the PERS challenges including clips from the 2012 Summer Board Conference workshop on PERS.
A list of the most common questions and answers related to PERS
Terms to help you understand the PERS challenge.
The latest PERS rates and information along with a high-level overview of the PERS challenges.
Information regarding the PERS reforms proposed to the 2013 Oregon Legislature.
Links to PERS resources
Leadership is an acquired art, not something that comes naturally to all people.
A community college in Arizona was not required to discipline or dimiss a professor.
The laws governing boards of education require that their work be done where the public can observe their actions.
The board will hold public hearings as required by law.
Questions often arise regarding how long records should be kept and what should be retained or discarded.
Resources regarding recruitment and retention of employees.
An overview of the role of the board and the appropriate process and procedures that are followed by the district administrator for reductions in force.
The state Board of Education adopted this Oregon Administrative Rule in December 1999 to outline how the Superintendent of Public Instruction will carry out the charge to produce report cards for every school and school district in Oregon.
Residential placements not necessary to address issues unrelated to learning process
Roles and responsibilities for those involved in bond election campaigns.
A sample to help you structure your election campaign.
Recently elected and appointed board members must take an oath of office before assuming the duties of office.
The desire to save money is not prohibited by the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA).
Information about how to file as a candidate for school board elections.
January is traditionally School Board Recognition Month in Oregon and throughout the United States.
Resources to assist districts prevent and handle school violence.
Schools are changing - from footprints and heating systems to landscapes and siting decisions.
Information about ODOT's Pedestrian and Bicycle Grant Program.
Communities began to move away from the concept of a small neighborhood-centered school that kids could walk to in the 1970s, but some are pushing back. Learn about this trend.
The board chair should work to keep the board focused on the school district's vision.
An overview of the shifts necessary to align Common Core State Standards with curriculum and classroom instruction in English language arts and math.
As Oregon's economic woes deepen and financial uncertainty grows, some districts are considering early closure or a shortened school year for 2008-09 or beyond. There are several issues districts should consider before deciding to shorten the school year.
Insight and advice about hiring professional negotiators.
Information about Oregon's transition to the Smarter Balanced Assessment scale for math and English language arts content standards
Many employees will use social media, both personally and for work purposes. While Facebook, Instagram, and Pinterest are popular today, new platforms are developed constantly that your employees may want to use.
Get ready, respond & recover: links to valuable information on school safety.
Information related to the board's role in measuring and reporting student success.
An in-depth analysis of student achievement initiatives in Oregon focusing on the role of school boards.
Information related to the board's role in setting goals and policies to support student success.
Links to resources on planning for student safety and responding to specific threats.
With costs going up and revenue going down, it’s essential to look for the most cost effective way of providing services. Subcontracting is one way to cut costs while maintaining current services.
Keeping the lines of communication open between the board chair and the superintendent benefits the entire board and school district.
A high quality superintendent evaluation process helps develop good board/superintendent relationships, provides clarity of roles, creates common understanding of the leadership being provided and provides a mechanism for public accountability.
Performance incentive programs and performance pay programs are not the same.
A teacher was entitled to unemployment benefits under Oregon law after he resigned in lieu of termination.
Oregonians aren't getting enough of the right information about their local schools to create a very big fan club for education. Here we provide examples of "blue-ribbon" triumphs in our schools and give you new tools to help you change the public's opinion.
Speech not required in an employee’s job description can still be part of a public employee’s official duties.
When the board chair speaks to an issue, the public and the media assume that the chair’s statement is the opinion of the entire board of education.
The board chair and the superintendent collaborate on the meeting agenda and other operational issues facing the board.
The agenda, prepared by the board chair and the superintendent, is the most important document at any board meeting.
OSBA's primary mission is to serve as the collective voice for all Oregon public school boards. Being that collective voice requires participation of every board member in OSBA's governance and legislative activities.
The media is interested in what happens at your board meetings, and the media version of your board actions is what most people in your community see (or hear).
Links to information about the Quality Education Model
Serving on a board of education is a volunteer effort that requires many hours of diligent work.
Looking Back In Order to Move Forward, a timeline of Oregon and U.S. racial, immigration and education history outlines significant events during the last 10,000 years that have brought us to where we are today in Oregon education equity.
It provides reliable and timely data on mathematics and science achievement among U.S. students compared to students in other countries.
The federal regulation implementing the No Child Left Behind Act was partially invalidated.
As school districts throughout the U.S. focus on student achievement, the spotlight turns to how we compensate and evaluate teachers.
A majority of the members of the board (a quorum) must be present to legally conduct business.
The student failed to prove facts essential to prevail under his claim for sexual harassment.
School districts should consider several issues before making the decision to offer a shortened school year either this year or next.
An overview of a school board's responsibilities.
Qualities that describe effective board members.
An analysis of what motivates teachers when employees are in short supply.
Tips to help students and their families in traumatic situations who are faced with the harsh glare of the media spotlight.
The Legal, Labor & Employment Services staff at OSBA answers questions about timing the start of the bargaining process
A checklist for winners of a bond or local option election.